.........Grinding, Honing, and Lapping Compounds
Residues remaining on parts after honing or grinding are usually mixtures of metallic and abrasive particles with oil-based or water-based cutting fluids.
Thus, the methods recommended for the removal of chips and cutting fluids are applicable also for the removal of grinding residues in a majority of instances.
Lapped parts are usually more difficult to clean than honed or ground parts. Lapping residues are composed of extremely fine particles of various abrasives, minute metal particles, semi-solid greases and oils, and some graphite. Even if graphite is not a part of the original lapping compound, it accumulates from wear of cast iron laps.
Allowing compounds to dry increases cleaning difficulty. In many instances, methods used for removing polishing and buffing compounds are applicable also for removing lapping compounds.
However, parts that are precision ground, honed, or lapped present special cleaning problems because:
- such parts are commonly used in precision machinery, and consequently the degree of cleanliness required is usually higher
- they are frequently intricate in design
- they are commonly susceptible to damage and frequently require special handling.
Characteristics of the lapping compound in combination with parts are the main issue in determining the cleaning method and can vary case by case. Anyway, PASSAPONTI has experienced several methods to remove lapping residue, and the most suitable is based on a cold immersion in hydrocarbon solvent with additive or emulsion cleaner followed by a suitable rinse.
Agitation, by mechanical movement of parts, dislodges and floats away the solids resulting from grinding or lapping. The hydrocarbon is constantly filtered and recirculated.
The presence of dissolved oil in the solvent will leave a slight oil film on the parts. This can be removed easily by a rinse or alkaline final washing before assembly.
An extremely high degree of cleanliness without damage is required on some expensive and delicate parts, such as those used in instruments or fuel injection equipment.
Ultrasonic cleaning with alkaline solution, followed by spray with alkaline and immersion/spray rinsing can be ideal and in many applications replaces old technologies which were only partially effective.
Parts which took normally one hour and more to clean using solvent cleaning processes are now effectively cleaned in just a few minutes of alkaline cleaning with ultrasonic energy.
Other inherent advantages of this approach are that is environmentally friendly and safe.